Roasting type, or coffee roast, is the process of heating green coffee beans to produce the dark, flavorful beans that we know and love. The roast level you choose will have a big impact on the final taste of your cup of coffee, so it's important to understand the basics of roasting type before you start brewing. There are three main types of roasted coffee beans: light, medium, and dark. Here's a closer look at each one.
Light roasts are also sometimes called blond roasts or cinnamon roasts. These beans are heated to a temperature between 200 and 205 degrees Celsius (392 and 401 degrees Fahrenheit). At this temperature, the beans begin to change color from green to yellow and emit a grassy smell. The finished light roast will be light brown in color with a subtle flavor and no bitterness. Common light roast varieties include Camelot, Half City, and New England.
Medium roasts are also called American roasts or city roasts. These beans are heated to a temperature between 210 and 215 degrees Celsius (410 and 419 degrees Fahrenheit). At this point, the beans begin to turn a light brown color and emit a sweeter smell. The finished medium roast will be medium brown in color with more body than a light roast but less acidity. Common medium roast varieties include Breakfast Blend, Regular Roast, and House Blend.
Dark roasts are also known as European roasts or Viennese roasts. These beans are heated to a temperature between 220 and 230 degrees Celsius (428 and 446 degrees Fahrenheit). At this temperature, the beans begin to turn black and emit an oily sheen. The finished dark roast will be very dark brown or black in color with a bitter flavor and less acidity. Common dark roast varieties include French Roast, Italian Roast, and Espresso Roast.
Now that you know more about the different types of roasted coffee beans, you can start experimenting with different flavors to find the perfect cup for you. And remember, the type of roast you choose will have a big impact on the final taste of your coffee, so choose carefully!
Want to know what are the best home coffee roasters? Check out our guide here!